Friday, April 24, 2015


Based on a true story: 

There once was a young girl named Amy who grew up in a Christian home. She had a much older cousin, nicknamed "Peppers" who was a professional photographer.

At family gatherings a few times a year, Peppers always brought his camera and would take lots of pictures for the family. One by one, he would take families and single members of the family and find just the perfect background and take fantastic pictures. Peppers became well-known and many of his photos were published in international magazines. He became quite the family celebrity.

Amy was always a favorite of his because she was so photogenic. Peppers would often take her picture with the promise that he would make her famous as a model. But he also took out other children from the family too.  And indeed a few of his family photos were placed in his studio and garnered much attention.

Amy loved when her mother would dress her up in pretty clothes and do her hair up with curls and ribbons. When she was about seven, Peppers took her out into a field of wildflowers for a shoot. It was within sight of all the people at the family party. After a few shots of her sitting in the field, he asked her to have some fun with him. If she was going to be a famous model some day she needed to begin mimicking the older ladies—be a bit sexy. Then he showed her a magazine so she would understand what he was talking about.

This continued for the next two years—the promises of fame—and getting legitimate pictures of Amy followed up by "fun" pictures. And once, Peppers convinced her mother to allow him to take Amy to his studio.

The rest of this story is inappropriate for general audiences.

When she reached about the age of sixteen, Amy resisted any more photoshoots. She finally had the words in her vocabulary to explain what Peppers had been doing to her.

Her parents were unable to process the girl's words.  They believed she had misunderstood what Peppers had done. Maybe he had gone too far… but surely she was mistaken that he…as a Christian.. would have done such an unbelievable thing. 

They spoke to Peppers and he admitted that perhaps he had shown her some magazines with seductive poses in them, but for the rest… Amy had probably flipped through the magazine and saw other more explicit pictures and simply got the pictures mixed up with reality. She had been so young, after all. 

Tears of regret were copiously shed by Peppers. Amy was brought in and the cousin pleaded her forgiveness for being inappropriate. Amy's parents felt all had been reconciled and she was told to forgive Peppers.

Yet it didn't feel "over" to Amy.  Amy wanted her parents to warn everyone in the family about Peppers so that no other child would have to endure what she had. 

Her father told Amy that she should be careful about administering what she thought was justice. She should not be a part of slander. That wouldn't be Christian. Peppers was a Christian and God was working on him. He bent down and looked into Amy's eyes and whispered, "Have faith in Jesus."

For years Amy's parents avoided seeing the side of the family with the photographer. Later, when Amy was an adult she attended a family reunion where Peppers show up, camera in tow, taking pictures. When he asked to take a picture of Amy and her husband, she walked away. When Peppers attempted to take one of her cousin's sons out for a special picture, Amy went ballistic and started interfering telling the boy to not go with Peppers.

Everyone just passed it off as Amy's emotionalism. She had that reputation. Her brother told her to go see a pastor for some counseling. Her parents were worried about Amy. They told her that God wanted her to forgive her cousin for what he had done to her. Show mercy to Peppers. Do not judge. Allow God's punishment, if there needs to be any, to come upon him.

Amy didn't understand this. But she did everything she could to forgive Peppers and prayed he had indeed changed.

Everyone spoke to her about God's infinite mercy upon sinners. Everyone deserved mercy. She should be the vessel God used to shower His grace upon Peppers. And of course, pray for him.

So wanting to be a good Christian Amy became extremely good at mercy.

A few years later her nephew London, who had been quite a troublemakers and rebellious teenager came to live with Amy and her husband in order to go to the local college. Everyone was so thrilled that London had turned his life around. Amy was more than happy to help.

London had always had a special place in his heart for his Aunt Amy. He knew she was considered a family mess too, like him. He felt he connected with her. She was the only real Christian he had ever met, so he told the family. Which really irritated everyone because Amy was always causing the family some trouble over something.

One evening London confided in Amy that he had been physically abused as a child. Aunt Amy rose in her chair with fury, she began to shake. London saw her reaction and began pouring out his childhood terror. 

Finally someone who believed him and they bonded. Amy confided in London that she had been sexually abused by Peppers when a child. She understood his story. She wanted to know just who this person was,  for she was going on an instant crusade against the person who would do this! She would stand and defend her precious nephew.

London said it was his dad—Amy's sister's husband, George.

She knew her brother-in-law all his life. That was hard to believe. George was very active in church, put together mission trips, was a Eucharistic minister as well as other things. She sat there astounded as London began to tell more horror stories about his father. 

According to London, his father George was the world's worst manipulator and fake Christian. In fact, London hated Christians because his father was such a hypocrite and liar.

Amy's head began to swim. All of a sudden, clues of London's abuse emerged from her memory. Yes, George had been cool and even harsh with the boy at times. Amy had even said something to her sister when London was small. But she thought the problem had all worked out. George's family seemed fine.

So, Amy confronted her sister and brother-in-law. They both told her that London wouldn't let the past go of the past and forgive his father. George said that he had pleaded for his son's forgiveness when he had been a bit harsh, but the boy showed no signs of forgiveness nor mercy on the father. They said they prayed for London to give his heart to Jesus every day. They had to simply wait and have faith.

Amy was confused. She did not go and see  her sister and brother-in-law for months. 

Then George and her sister moved to her town so that London could stay at home while he finished college.  So, Amy, her husband, her sister and George saw each other a lot. 

London lived with his parents but he became morose and irritable. He warned Amy that she should not be deceived by his dad's appearance. George was still a manipulative jerk according to his son. 

Amy's sister assured her that George really had reformed and that London would eventually learn to forgive his dad. Amy and her husband wondered if it wasn't a true God-thing that her sister and George moved close by so they could help George and hold him accountable. Amy thought that she could be the bridge between George and London.

Amy noticed the London was being civil to his parents, but was growing more and more resentful, even hostile towards her. Amy confronted him and London lashed out at her. Couldn't she see George was a hypocrite? He warned her that she and her husband would wake up one day and see who George really was. He wasn't just a fake Christian, he was a devil.

Amy, her husband, her sister and George prayed for London. He needed to forgive. Amy was so sure God had sent her to be the healer in this situation.

One day, George ran off with his secretary, but not before sending his wife to the emergency room from being battered.

Everyone at his church was shocked.

From that moment forward, London despised Amy. 

He despised her Christian mercy.
He despised her unjust God who demanded forgiveness from the weak and victimized but  mercy for the tyrant. 

He blamed her for what happened to his mother. If good, sweet Aunt Amy had only believed him when London said his father George was a fake.

If only someone had the courage to exposed George's hypocrisy.

A few years later, Amy found out that her uncle Peppers was being sent to prison for child pornography.  He had raped more than a half a dozen young girls.

In this Jubilee of Mercy called on by Pope Francis, let us be wise enough to know who needs our mercy. Let us be merciful enough to protect the innocent. Let us be courageous enough to call out sin. For that is the most merciful thing we can do. 

Monday, April 13, 2015


Understanding is the reward of faith. Therefore, seek not to understand that you may believe, but believe that you may understand.

― St. Augustine of Hippo [my emphasis]

Walking in Faith

St. Augustine is saying that first, God gives us a command--a law or a ritual--an action or a command to refrain from acting. For example: "Believe in me" or "Do not steal" or "Be baptized."

Sometimes God explains why He gives us a command or a ritual to perform and sometimes he doesn't. There may or may not come the second part of understanding the command.

Some of His commands seem reasonable such as "do unto others as you would have them do unto you." Most religions and even atheists can see the logic in that.

But what about His law not to engage in sex before marriage or divorce once married and at the very least never remarry if you do leave your spouse? Many have tried to logically argue that God was wrong about those commands. After all, we are in the 21st century and things are different now. Surely He doesn't mean that today we are supposed to refrain from having sex before marriage and obviously He doesn't expect people who have divorced from abusive spouses stay single the rest of their lives? Right?

Most Christians assume that God doesn't expect us to behave like automatons. He is not a totalitarian who expects us to blindly follow Him. He gives us free will. God is reasonable. He convinced us with the Holy Spirit and with the Bible.

Christians will pick up the scriptures and show that it clearly spells out in black and white what is sin. And most of that is fairly reasonable. But when it comes to actually living by it, most Christians hesitate. Most insist that even if they are the very words of Christ, they must be judged to be compatible with the culture. The spiritual must be tested, the miraculous, verified. It need to make sense to us before we obey, right?

Isn't that what the great Reformer Luther stated? "Unless I am convinced by Scripture and plain
reason….. I cannot and I will not recant anything….. for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe…. Here I stand. I cannot do otherwise."

Luther's "I must understand before I will believe" is the exact opposite of St. Augustine's "believe that you may understand."

Granted we do begin our grasp of the gospel with understanding.

As we come and reason together, the Holy Spirit draws us with enough evidence that we accept Christianity. Jesus asks us to believe in Him as Savior. We trust Him enough to dedicate our lives to Him. The evidence of the Cross and His atonement is compelling, though we do not yet understand the Trinity doctrine or many other things written in scripture. 

As we grow in faith, we will begin to understand through little steps, lots and lots of little steps. Through the journey of obedience, we begin
understand. Similar to the trust you place in a person you end up later marrying, there is enough evidence at first to capture your interest. But you walk with your beloved, your trust grows. That is similar to what happens in our relationship with Christ.

That's how the obedience of faith works. While we are spiritual children, sometimes we just obey because our Father tells us to. Of course we can question, God expects our questions and He certainly has answers. But sometimes He does not give us the answers. He wants us exercise our faith by not understanding. He asks us to trust Him. 

And if you have been walking with Christ long enough, there will be a time when He asks you to walk on water. And this will not make sense. He is teaching us to trust Him.

Faith and Works

Now to build upon this and bring it into the understanding of faith and works. This is a much misunderstood doctrine of Christ. While Jesus speaks of faith as saving us, He also speaks of judging people by their works.

Protestants are adamant about separating works and faith. As if doing deeds of charity or going to church is somehow against the gospel of Christ if it has any connection to salvation. Well, I think if they saw things with a little different perspective they might not feel quite so adamant.

Now keep in mind that I am not arguing a works-salvation. I repeat WE CANNOT SAVE OURSELVES by our good works. We are saved by grace through faith. But, I will show you how the obedience of faith ties together faith and works in a wonderful way.

To begin, we must understand why we are on this earth. Why didn't everything wrap up at the Cross and everyone go straight to heaven? Why all this madness and chaos post-Cross? Why are we here?

We have been given this time on earth to accept the gospel and grow to love and trust God. That is the entire point of each covenant with God. We must learn to truth Him. Totally.

Think of it like this. After this life, we will be living an eternal adventure with God. It will

require complete and perfect trust. Sin keeps us from trusting God, so sin has to be eradicated. Jesus did that on the Cross for the world, and we now each must take that gift and run with it, in faith.

And to teach us love and trust, God had a plan. He didn't just stop at the Cross and slap His hands together and walk away with "I'm done here, y'all have fun." He gave us a plan in order to help all those who accept the gospel to "finish the race."

There is a great mystery that most Christians don't ever understand. Being good, keeping the law doesn't help us to love and trust God. But faith alone doesn't either.

You see sin must be eradicated, for sin blocks us from trusting and loving God. But just keeping the Mosaic law couldn't do it. The Pharisees found that out. But keeping the New Covenant law can't do it either. Perfection, as our Father in heaven is perfect, must be through learning to trust God. And we can learn to love and trust Him through keeping His commandments.

Don't get too far ahead of me. First consider this:

God tells us to love our neighbor as ourself by feeding our neighbor if he is hungry. That's rational. We can do that without any faith or trust in God. We can handle that. So we give a homeless man some money or bring him some food. We have obeyed God's command. Right. We did well.

This is the first part of the journey. God gives us simple, clear rules we can understand. And this begins to teach us love and trust.

Then all of a sudden our spouse cheats on us. We do not believe this relationship can mend. It to us is not just toxic, it is dead. Our logic tells us to divorce. Our emotions tell us that we have no option but to hate our spouse.

Now God tells us we must forgive them. We have come to a place where we can't forgive on our own. The hurt is too keen, the wound too deep.

Forgiveness is impossible. And we have to submit to Christ's command, rather than go with what we think is best, or what a marriage counselor might prescribe, or what even logic says is best. We have to prostrate ourselves and beg to God's grace to forgive. We walk in obedience to faith. It is a leap of faith that will eventually bring us to supernatural trust in Christ.

The whole purpose of God's law is not to make us good enough to save. God doesn't want simply perfect behavior, but perfect trust. (Which is also perfect love.) Every single act of obedience, every single command, every single rite and ritual we are given by God is to help us along this path of trust. It is not just to make us grovel like obedient slaves, but to make us strong with confidence. He is able. God is able.

God's plan with the sacraments and rites and rituals are to give us grace and nourish us as we learn this supernatural trust in Him. It is not enough to follow God when we can see the end of the road or understand where He is taking us. It is important for us to take the baby steps of confession and penance and going to mass and taking the Eucharist often, these steps we can see and somewhat understand so that when the road is dark and lonely, we will still keep walking in faith.

We start out walking in faith, so that we will someday be able to fly in faith. But we can only fly if we throw ourselves off a cliff! (I mean this spiritually, of course.)

When you can't understand something that God has asked us to do, like refrain from taking contraception or divorcing or believe marriage is for a male and female, or give alms, it is all about learning not to trust in our own reasoning or money. Always remember, He is the Alpha and the Omega. He already sees the end and knows that this is best in the long run. He sees things you cannot see nor even understand. Trust Him, he whispers to each of us and we learn to fly.

Believe in Christ and obey first, the understanding will come during the journey. In this way, faith and the works cannot be separated, each act of faith strengthens our faith and trust. It is the journey of obedience, the journey of action that perfects our faith. We cannot have one without the other.

It can be hard, very hard, but this is for eternity. Eternity will be about love and love comes from trusting God.

Tuesday, March 31, 2015

The Passion Week of Christ and the Passion Week for His Church

When my husband and I entered the Catholic Church, and our children followed, we entered amidst a flurry of controversy. 

First there was the priest abuse sex scandal. That was a difficult one to get past. We studied the problem, read the John Jay report, prayed about it and realized that the Body of Christ, the Church, was composed of the wheat and tares. [And I shall not even write what I believe should happen to those satanic tares when it comes to the abuse of innocent young men.]


Jesus chose Judas. As horrifying as it is, we should prepare ourselves to have a few demons among the Apostles' successors--for the darkness is real, it is not fantasy. There really is a Devil who wants to destroy the church from without and within, and he patiently waits at the gates to get in.

Like the Apostles, one out of twelve traitors to the faith should not be surprising. That would make it
possible that the Catholic Church houses about 19 wolves for Cardinals, about 425 bishops that will sell out Christ, and more than 34,300 priests who will give their Master the kiss of betrayal. 

The reality is not near that bleak. The Catholic Church has very, very few demons in it. And they have finally awakened to the scandal and worked very hard to stop the crimes.

Our family was not expecting the church Christ began to be perfect. In fact, if we found a church with no tares, then it wouldn't fit Jesus' description of His kingdom. Since we entered though, there have been a barrage of new crisis and internal controversies. And usually it is between liberal and conservative Catholics. 

To kneel or not to kneel? 
To contracept or not to contracept? 
To veil or not to veil? 
Was Vatican II the fissure that let the smoke of Satan into the Temple of God or was that the Holy Spirit that came in? 
Novus Ordo or the Tridentine mass?
Should unfaithful Catholic politicians receive Holy Communion?
Should the remarried Catholics receive Holy Communion?

The media reports with excitement that the Church is about to embrace abortion, contraception, homosexuality, adultery! With the jovial Cardinal Dolan always tantalizing the media with expectation. Then Pope Francis adds his two-cents to the confusion. And then the upcoming Council on the Family that has the passengers on the Catholic Ark wondering if there is a captain at the helm of this rocking ship!

As frustrating as the lack of leadership has been, one thing has given me great peace. I once read that the Catholic Church, as the Body of Christ, will have a parallel experience as Christ did while on earth. Satan will put her through the wilderness and tempt her and she will go through her own Gethsemane sweating blood,  experiencing
betrayal of her closest friends. The Church will be scourged, stripped and crucified, but what did we expect when Jesus told us to take up our cross and follow Him? And finally we may feel the same abandonment that Christ felt and the Church may cry out, "why have you abandon us?" to our Father. And perhaps, many may be called to die for our faith. 

As we walk with Christ through the Passion Week, take a look at the long history of the church that God so loved. 

All Christ needed was twelve faithful bishops--and though they scattered, they returned and were martyred for Our Lord. God can use even one faithful bishop to turn the entire church around as He did with Athanasius during the Arian heresy. We know we got that covered: Archbishop Salvatore Cordileone. And of course there are many, many more!

Yet, even if all the shepherds scatter, we will be prepared. For this is what they did to our Lord. Be not afraid.

We have two thousand years of His past faithfulness to His Beloved that we each can draw comfort from. And gaze into the eternity to come. 
As we contemplate the Good Friday and Holy Saturday, remember that each moment is redemptive suffering that every soul, each and every soul that can possibly be saved, will be found in heaven. 

Let us also feel the closeness of Easter Sunday. And let us never grow weary of praying that our beloved bishops have the courage to rise above even the Apostles themselves and walk with Christ's bride as she faces a hostile world. 

God bless you all. 

Thursday, March 19, 2015

Vatican II and the Gregorian Chant

ON DECEMBER 4, 1963 

116. The Church acknowledges Gregorian chant as specially suited to the Roman liturgy: therefore, other things being equal, it should be given pride of place in liturgical services. But other kinds of sacred music, especially polyphony, are by no means excluded from liturgical celebrations, so long as they accord with the spirit of the liturgical action, as laid down in Art. 30.

What are some of the reasons Vatican II chose the Gregorian chant as having the pride of place?

Before becoming Catholic, our family attended churches that were on fire for the Lord, especially in the music. With a Christian band on stage playing their hearts out--the beat of the drums--it was a total body praise to the Lord! Hundreds of us with our hand waving in the air and dancing in place--what a great experience. I looked forward each week to praise times before the sermon.  For myself, and I assume everyone else there, we were genuinely praising God with all our hearts and souls. 

So why does the Catholic Church--even post Vatican II--emphasize what so many people believe to be dull, lifeless music in church? Shouldn't the music inspire us and get us going? For a Catholic, the music in church isn't about taste, preference, emotion...none of that. Catholic music isn't about making us feel inspired. That's kinda rough on someone going from a very charismatic church to Catholicism. Why isn't the service about filling me? I totally get that question from a Protestant perspective. Protestant services are about filling ourselves, getting inspiration to go out and preach the gospel each week. No criticism about that. 

But for a Catholic, the Holy Spirit fills us in a different way during church than Protestants. We consider our reception of the bread and wine as the way in which we receive the Holy Spirit. That is our "food" for the week. So we first give our offering to God through the worship of the liturgy. My gift to God is to worship Him during Catholic mass. That part is His. Although we, as we listen to the readings of the scripture and hear the sermon, are also gaining great spiritual insight. 

Then the second part, the communion, is when Catholics receive the Eucharist...the very body and blood of our Savior. That is my gift from God for attending mass. 

The exchange should be perfect. The perfect worship and communion of God and His Bride. The dance of love takes place spiritually rather than physically. And I can attest, that when your heart is with God at mass, it is a fiery dance that will bring you very close to the cross and heaven. That is why many Catholic saints have experienced what they call ecstasy at mass.

So what do Gregorian chants have to do with this? 

I read an introduction to the missal at the Prince of Peace Catholic Church in South Carolina that explained it. This is my version of what I read (editorialized for Catholics and Protestants):

As Christians, we believe the Bible is infallible, right? The Bible is the inspired Word of God and if we want to know what is right for the Christian, we go to the Bible. Absolutely. It is perfect,

Catholic sprinkle ourselves with holy water when we enter the church as a renewal of our baptism and we confess our sins, so that we ourselves will be holy and without sin during the mass. 

At Catholic mass we lift up to the Father the perfect, infallible sacrifice of the blood of His Son, Jesus Christ. It is a perfect sacrifice. 

Within the context of a perfect sacrifice, our liturgy is perfect, for we read the infallible words of God. We worship perfectly when we lift up to God with infallible scripture!

The Gregorian Chant takes its lyrics from the Bible--no editing--just the words of scripture. So when we are worshipping a holy God, in holy mass, we should sing only the words that are perfect and infallible. After all, mass is prayer to God. 

The mass is about worshipping God the way He desires to be worshipped, not the way we want to worship Him. He wants perfect worship. 

Therefore, we lift up to Him: 
His Son as the one-time perfect sacrifice. 
His own perfect words as we read the scriptural liturgy. 
His perfect words in the sung liturgy. 

As thrilling as it is for Christian composers to write songs, psalms and hymns to our Lord, the wording is not infallible, nor perfect. Hymns of great Christians are good and we should sing them often, but they should not take primary position over the very words of God. Just as we don't read inspirational texts from Christians in mass because they are not the infallible words of God, Vatican II has given primary place to the Gregorian chant because it is not supposed to vary from the scripture in its lyrics. 

While that was not the complete explanation, I thought those were thoughts worthy of pondering. After all, mass isn't about what I like. I am not going there to give God what I want, but to worship Him in the way He chooses. And He tells us to be perfect. Mass is a foretaste of heaven. So, Mass is one place on earth where things can be perfect. 

 That is one of the reasons for singing the Words of God rather than the words of man.    

Wednesday, March 4, 2015


I really hate discussing this. My passion is the pro-life issue—not debating sexual sins. But I am extremely tired of watching Christians being bullied about their faith because they believe God placed prohibitions against or limits on human sexuality--specifically homosexual acts.

Since I am Catholic, I will write from that specific Christian perspective.

Sex is Not a Right

Catholicism doesn't pick on homosexuals any more than any other sexual sin. Catholics teach that humans do not have a right to sex. It's that simple. Sex is a gift from God and He doesn't give it to everyone at all times and it is not given without restriction.

Pornography (both written and visual), pedophilia, prostitution, bestiality, masturbation, oral sex (and other non pro-creative types of sex), contraception, in vitro fertilization, surrogate motherhood, cloning, sterilization, vasectomy, premarital sex, adultery, divorce, lust, fetishes, cross dressing, gender changes, bigamy, polygamy, forced marriage, rape, incest…. all these things are grave sins. All of these things betray our Creator, steal the gift of sex from God and abuse it. These are hard standards for everyone, not just those who have same-sex attraction. 

The woman caught in adultery
Therefore the person who has same-sex attraction and falls to sexual temptation to act on it is the same in the eyes of the Church as the heterosexual person who falls to sexual temptation to act outside of God's gift.

Catholics are no more homophobic than contraceptophobic or polygamophobic, or pornographobic. It is ridiculous and ignorant to call those who follow Christ's commands for sex as exclusive to married men and women as haters or bigots. Remember that popes, cardinals, bishops, priests don't make the call about what is or what is not wrong, the Creator does. We don't get veto power on this anymore than we do about whether pedophilia is acceptable. There is no such thing as an "enlightenment" moment for those who obey Christ.

Everyone Has to Resist Sexual Temptation

Chivalry was often about loving a woman but remaining celibate.
But what if a man truly loves another man?

Restrictions on sex doesn't cut off love or respect or tolerance. No one is taking love away from anyone. Love can and must, in some cases, express itself without sex. Humans do it all the time. Just because a married man sincerely, completely falls in love with his secretary, that doesn't give him the right or the reason to have sex with her. That is outside the perimeters of what God created sex for. We all have to show control, even inside marriage.

Do Christians hunt down and persecute those who practice contraception? Those who are living together before marriage? Those who are having affairs or watching porn? Of course no one should do this. Christians aren't going to hurt souls who fall into sin any more than a REAL Christian would hunt down and persecute those with same-sex attraction. Don't confuse us with religions who kill homosexuals. Seriously.

What is difficult for those who are obedient to Christ who have great sympathy for people who  struggle against sexual temptations is to watch our culture try to promote same-sex marriage as normal. We also have had to struggle with sexual temptation, struggle almost to the point that feels like death, so we do understand, but we cannot then say just because it's hard, it's okay to fall to temptation.

Come Let Us Reason Together

My best friend is a pro-choice activist and we love each other and respect each other even if our existential, raison d'ĂȘtre for life is in direct opposition. I have family members who are atheists, we love each other and respect each other. Why is it that my pro-choice friend and my atheist family members can kindly and
frankly talk things out, giving our opinions and even passionately trying to convince each other why they should believe like the other does—but when it comes to homosexuality, we can't talk? Some people who disagree with your faith just get up and walk away and you are out of their life. 

Why is it that when it comes to the subject of same-sex attraction, all of a sudden I am demanded to concede without discussion or logic or reason? Why is my liberty to obey Christ all of a sudden equated with bigotry and hate? 

What I find extremely interesting is that my homosexual friends are far, far more understanding and respectful of my faith than the mean-spirited heterosexuals who try to shame me and bully me into changing my opinions. Very few of my homosexual friends and homosexual family members have shunned me, but I have been shunned and shamed by many of those who think they are standing up for my homosexual family and friends. 

While discussion will never change what sin is, what discussion can do is tone down the ugly rhetoric and give us understanding and even love for each other as we struggle through these topics. 

Reasoning together will bring us to compassion and a respect for each other.

From Whence We Get Our Doctrine

If you do not believe homosexuality to be a sin, I will not harass you, I will not shame you, I will not force you or anyone to believe or act as I am convicted to believe or act. But I will push back if I believe you are trying to silence Christians about the subject or force us to believe as you do or actively attempt to indoctrinate our children into your way of thinking. Just as I would push back if a group of activists try to silence Christians about the sin of pornography, or adultery or pedophilia.

This isn't about stubbornness, or intolerance, it's about being faithful even when we may not fully understand God's commandments. Those who promote homosexuality as just another normal lifestyle believe that if they present a good enough argument I will change my mind. I can't. They don't seem to understand, my opinion simply doesn't count here. 
Only God's does.

Christians don't get to be cool and relevant--or even liked. We can't "get with the times."

My commitment means that I follow Christ whether or not I understand why or even if I disagree and don't feel something to be immoral. This isn't even about Biblical interpretation for the Orthodox and Catholic church.

Christians who come from the most ancient churches, who go back to the beginning learned—not from scripture—but from Jesus and the Apostles themselves that sex was gifted to man for procreation between a man and woman, married and living together in a committed for life monogamous relationship. So even if someone were to come up with a good alternate interpretation of scripture, that would mean nothing to us. We heard this from the mouth of the Apostles, not from reading the Bible, although we believe scripture records and supports what Christ taught. 

Gay-Rights Bullies

No doubt the gay-rights bullies will celebrate for a season their success in silencing Christians. But this will only be temporary, because by definition Christians cannot ever go against their leader, Christ. You will never win over Christians hearts' about the sinfulness of sex outside God's definition of marriage. We are not being mean or ugly or intolerant. Christians are simply being humble and submitting to one who designed marriage. 

Eventually Christianity will tunnel its way out of the darkness of apathy it seems to be in and will rise to the surface and bloom. Because what God creates as marriage is marriage no matter what man tries to create. And He gave us marriage to reflect His very nature and to show us His unfathomable love. And nature will always find a way, because nature was created by God.

Wednesday, February 4, 2015

The Prodigal Son vs. The Saint by Teresa Beem

"Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. For my yoke is easy and my burden is light." Matt. 11: 28-30

I was taught growing up to look at the bells and whistles of Catholicism, their sacraments, their rituals as being like the Pharisees in scripture. Catholicism was equated with this text:
For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers. But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their 
phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments, And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues, And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi. Matt. 23: 4-7
Protestants teach that Catholicism takes away  from simple faith in Jesus. That Catholicism turns that wonderful rest we have in Christ into a works-righteousness. 

Yet, there is another way of looking at this.  Step into the world of Catholicism, put on her glasses and see what she sees and I think 
you might be surprised.

From a Catholic perspective, it is sin that weighs us down and enslaves us. Sin takes away our freedom to think, our freedom to act, our freedom to love ourselves and others. Sin takes away our very ability to love God. For sin demands our full and total devotion. Sin grows till it consumes everything. It has a scorched earth policy.

And this is where the Protestant model of salvation comes in.

As a Protestant growing up, personal testimonies were emphasized. Think back on those spiritual emphasis weeks in Christian schools. The pulpit was often handed over for people to give their personal testimonies. These were to inspire the student; but almost always, the testimonies involved the person falling into deep, depraved sins (and that was the part that was entertaining and provocative to us children.)

  Our innocent ears were enticed with the allure of drugs, alcohol, lust, perversion, greed and self-centeredness. When the speakers choked up and explained that their fun had been exhausted and they were sitting in the ruins of divorce, broken relationships, drug addiction, self-hatred and shame, then—then they felt regret. God took pity on them and they had a born-again experience. 

To our young ears, this part of the story wasn't nearly as convincing as it was supposed to be.

The message was—be bad, really bad and then look at what a witness you will be when God saves you. It is because they were wild they got to have the pulpit. Of course our teachers and pastors didn't intend on this being the message, but our little ears took note of who got the attention—not those who had been faithful to God and obeyed the rules. No, it was those rebellious against God. After that, all the kids began to want a dramatic testimony.

Many of those giving these inspiring stories were not from our congregation. So there was a disconnect between their families and friends and the audience. But occasionally, a parent of one of the students from our school would speak. Then a light went on. 

I knew these speakers' kids. They were usually depressed or rebellious. Often they were the ones experimenting with drugs or sex. As I listened, anger would grow in my heart. I would silently scream to those parents as they spoke, "Wow, so God must have preferred you to all the people you devastated along the way. Your family—your children! They are wounded and bleeding from your mistakes and you are standing up there bragging that God saved you!" I hated those testimonies. Their lives were squandered and painful.  It seemed to me God was just letting His children play in the street and get hit by cars and then got the credit for being the physician who saved their life.

Why would we need to sink to the depths of moral corruption and hope that God will come rescue us. It was tempting God. And yet year after years this came across as the model of salvation. The only Christian story was that of the prodigal son. It was expected, in fact it was prayed for. What a waste! Sin got to shackle us and devastate our lives and then the rest of our lives were spent in clean-up and warning others not to follow in our paths. 

Something was wrong.

What if Jesus gave us a different model of salvation. Maybe Christians were never supposed to go rogue and come back corrupted and spent. Wouldn't that be a much better and easier road? Wouldn't it be nice if our heroes never had to live a life that shattered those they loved, who didn't spend most of their lives trying to undo the addictions and character destruction that the Devil had done to them? 

The model of the Catholic life is not the bad guy turned good, but the saint who never left. (Not to say there isn't a lot of prodigal sons, its just the saints lives are emphasized as Christian models.)

When I began to study the sacraments, I realized these graces were to keep us from sinning. The sacraments were put in place so that we could, from the beginning, remain free as Christians and never have to experience the wounds of grave sins. We did not have to fall prey to the lie that sin is fun. We were not destined for divorce, drug addictions, sexual addictions, pouring out our youth and life forces down the sewer.  

Yes, all of us fall short of the glory of God. All are sinners, yet, why would God want to stand back and watch us free fall into hell, just to have to take the long road back up to level ground?

We were destined for greatness. ("Be ye perfect, even as your Father in Heaven is perfect.") By faithfully following the sacramental path Christ laid out, we would live as Children of God in His light and love from the beginning. That is a path of rest, that is the light burden God gave us. Sin is heavy, grace is light.

It is Satan who wants us to look at Christ's path as burdensome because it requires us to go to mass, go to confession—repent and be reconciled with Him and flee from temptation. 

Yes, it may seem a great burden when you'd rather watch football, or sleep in, or watch a movie—or give into lustful thoughts, selfish thoughts. It can be inconvenient to get on your knees and pray or walk out when someone or something is tempting you to sin.

But those things are really rather easy compared to rehab, divorce court, watching your children fall to temptation and follow the same steps of ruin that you followed. 

The sacraments are truly a wonderful blessing. Little miracles that we need to reach out for 


The sacraments make your life easy and your burden light. 

Wednesday, January 28, 2015

Let Not Your Hearts Be Troubled

My husband and I read the Bible for our morning devotions and I normally back up a couple texts from the previous day's reading just to get the context before going into the next chronological reading. 

This morning, we were supposed to start at the fourteenth chapter of the Gospel of John, so I backed up to the section of John 13:31. This passage is set during the Last Supper and begins right after Judas left the room to go and betray Christ. Now Jesus is sitting with the eleven disciples and is telling them that He is going somewhere where they cannot come. Peter then announces that he wants to go--and insists that he would go with Christ even if it is to death (ironic, isn't it? That is just where Jesus is going.)

I paused when we got to 14:1. I reread it. Then again.

What? I have read this more than a hundred times and never noticed something. Every time the first verse of John 14 is read, it is read as if it is separated from the rest of Christ's monologue. However, if you connect the first verse of chapter 14 to the last on of chapter 13, a new understanding pops out. 


Jesus: I will be with you only a little longer... Where I am going you cannot come. 

Peter asks where Jesus is going and why he cannot come with him. Peter insists that he would lay his life down for his Master. 

Jesus responds: You will disown me three times before the rooster crows. Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in God still; trust also in me. 

There was no break in the message. Jesus is still speaking to Peter when He says, "Let not your heart be troubled." Jesus is telling Peter that after he betrays Him, not to be disheartened. 

(Although the Greek noun "heart" is singular, some translations place it as plural--so it is unclear whether Jesus is saying this specifically to Peter or to the group. My guess is that, though He may be specifically targeting Peter with this, the message is for all His apostles who are listening.)

To repeat, Jesus is telling Peter that even though he will betray Him, don't allow this to dishearten him or the other Apostles. 

This message is in the context of Peter's betrayal. We often separate Jesus words here as if He was speaking to Peter about his denying Him three times, then Jesus makes an abrupt stop and begins speaking to all Christians at all times. That certainly isn't in the context. 

What hit me this morning is that Jesus is telling Peter as the head of the Church, that he is going to betray Him, but that he should not allow that to stop him. Be of good courage, because Jesus said this will happen. Then--he admonishes Peter-- continue to believe in God and in Him (the Christ); for Jesus is going to prepare a place for His disciples and then He is going to come back and get them. 

The whole group will need to remember this when they see Peter--as the appointed head, Simon the Rock, betray Christ. The head of the Apostles betraying his Master is bound to cause the rest of them to crash in their faith. 

Jesus is bucking them up and saying... Hey, when all of you see Simon Peter, my leader, deny me, don't worry. Keep believing in me. You can know this is true because I am telling you beforehand. Do not allow the failings of the head of the Apostles cause you to lose your faith, get back up again and persevere. 

Now to bring this message to today. 

Often, we as Catholics see our leaders as less than courageously following Christ. We may even believe the pope himself is betraying Christ. 

Jesus foretold this was going to happen. The Rock, Peter, can and will deny Christ in his behavior. And if Peter can betray Christ, so will his successors. 

Like His Apostles, Jesus says to us when we see this happen, "Let not your heart be troubled, trust in God still." 

While I see nothing in Pope Francis that is betraying Christ, I find the words of Jesus rather comforting when it comes to some of our bishops. Because of their lack of courage when it comes to boldly standing up for truth, I feel at times it is a type of betrayal of Christ. 

Jesus is telling me that if Peter did it, His other leaders will less than stellar leaders. Don't let that trip you up and despair. Believe in Him still. He's preparing many rooms in His mansion for us. And He's coming back to get us. Persevere in our faith. His Church will withstand even the failings of His Apostles. 

Thursday, January 22, 2015

Catholicism vs. Americanism

Why are so many American Catholics… not... well, Catholic?* 

Why do many Catholics in the United States live together before marriage, practice contraception, divorce, as well as support the legality of same-sex marriage when church dogmas decry these practices as mortal sins? How can so many US Catholics dismiss confession and the real presence in the Eucharist? How can they believe that the Catholic Church has the authority of God to pass down the teachings of Christ and His Apostles but then turn around reject these same teachings in their everyday life? 

The most popular explanation from the leadership is that Catholics have not been properly catechized. The solution, they claim, is better communication of Church teachings.

Yet, I don't see that as a full explanation. The vast majority of Catholics know what the church teaches. They simply disagree. This is not a matter of ignorance, but of ignoring.  Part of the ignoring is coming from the hierarchy itself. 

When the bishops realize they've lost, they give up.  And that is a huge problem with American bishops. They have given up trying to teach the faith because they don't think they can fight the culture. Why teach something is wrong, when everyone does it and will continue to do it?

Capitalism and Usury

Take as an example the issue of Christians charging interest on a loan. It used to be called usury. Catholicism, until recently, considered usury a sin. The term "usury" has been dropped from the church's language and has been recast (and redefined) in light of the overwhelming force of capitalism.

Imagine attempting to live in a capitalistic culture without either charging interest on a loan or taking a loan in which someone is charging interest. Catholics could not take out a mortgage on a house or a car loan. They could not own a credit card, which means they couldn't purchase anything online or reserve a hotel room. Imagine a priest today giving a homily teaching that Catholics cannot have anything to do with usury. That would be asking almost the impossible. The Vatican herself now has a bank that charges interest.

In this, Catholicism has caved to the capitalistic culture of western civilization. The banks won the hearts and minds of the people. Now almost no Christian, Catholic or Protestant, has even heard of the term usury.

In the United States of America we find this same type of example repeated over and over. Catholicism becomes part of the great melting pot, and we are assimilated. 

Serving Two Masters

The dilemma Catholic Americans have is that some of the United States values are diametrically opposed to some of their values. If you read about the religious intolerance towards the 19th-century Catholic immigrants, you get an better
understanding of this issue. Americans could not see how Catholics could be good US citizens with their worldview of authority. Where would their heartfelt fidelity lie? The authority of the pope and their religion or individual rights and democracy? The early Catholics assured the Protestants that they could be both patriotic and Catholic. That the two world views could peacefully co-exist—a true separation of church and state within their personal lives. 

Even into the present time, there has been much skepticism of Catholics. In order to allay fears, President John Kennedy declared he would not allow his personal loyalty for Catholicism to influence his political loyalty to America. Thus the most famous Catholic at the time continued to pave the psychological split for modern Catholics. Now even bishops approve of the compartmentalizing of the believers values into spiritual and political; thus rendering "unto Caesar that which is Caesar's and to God that which is God's." 

Jesus' message, however, was about taxes not values nor a biblical perspective. Christ was clear when it came to world views and loyalties. Believers are not to love the world. His followers cannot serve two masters, for they will learn to love one and hate the other. So rather than successfully separating the two world views (which has turned out to be impossible), Catholic-Americans have chosen to love one master above the other. 

Look at the Catholic divorce rate. It is very similar to the general public's. Have they followed their faith which states that no man can render what God hath joined together, or have they caved to America's divorce laws because it is their legal right?    

The following are a listing of some American fundamental values that are in direct conflict with Catholic fundamental values. Ask yourself, when you compare these, which worldview has won the hearts of Catholics? The American or the Catholic?

Dividing God From the Government

American values: Government and the church should have a high wall of separation between them. The government must be free from religious interference and religion free from governmental interference.

Catholic values: Civil authority is given by God as His arm of justice and protection. Government and religious organizations complement and balance out each others' power. A dividing wall between the two historically results in the government becoming God for its citizens. (Rom. 13:1-3; I Tim. 2:2; Heb. 13:17; I Peter 2:13)

Example: Patriotic Catholics find themselves in a dilemma with same-sex marriage. Can Catholics truly believe that God declares same-sex marriage a mortal sin which breaks down the foundation of civilization; yet vote for same-sex marriage as a civil rights issue because of the separation of church and state?

Serving Two Masters: When we look at the Catholic vote, which worldview has won the hearts of Catholics?

No Gods, No Masters

American values: When Lord Action wrote, "Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely," Americans engrave that bit of wisdom into their spirits as if it were the Word of God. When citizens place their hands upon their hearts and pledge allegiance to the flag or stand in honor of the national anthem, they are essentially vowing to the American gospel of individualism, capitalism and democracy. This gospel of distrust of authority is taken unto the whole world with evangelistic and military zeal.

Catholic values:  Scripture records that God sets up and takes down kings. He sets up authorities and believers are to submit to them—whether it be civic authority, father and mother or bishop. Christians do not have the right in the economy of the Kingdom to exercise their freedom to disobey God-given authorities. (Rom. 13:1-3; I Tim. 2:2; Heb. 13:17; I Peter 2:13)

Example: When Catholic children are raised in a culture where authority distinctions are downplayed or even scoffed at, where equality of treatment is considered a right, how does the church teach honor towards leaders? When there is a cataclysmic failure of our culture to teach respect, how do Catholics teach respect for the priest, the Eucharist, the mass or Mary and the saints or even life itself?

Serving Two Masters: When we go to mass, which worldview has won the hearts of Catholics when it comes to showing reverence to God and to authorities?

Rugged Individualism

American values: Americans heroize the man who became successful by picking himself up with his own bootstraps. America is all about the individual. Personal rights supersede community rights. American Protestant theology teaches an individualized saving faith. And that a believer has a God-given right to interpret scriptures which overrules the historical interpretation. Unity of Christians into any organized religion is held in suspicion.

Catholic values: Christ wants unity. He said that it is not good for man to be alone and a house divided will fall. Catholics have an emphasis on the treasury of merits and sharing in one another's faith. (John 17:23; Rom. 15:5; Eph. 4:3, 13; Col. 3: 14; I Tim. 2:8) 

Example: Though the Church officially teaches using birth control is a mortal sin, often at confession those using contraception are told, "your spouse and you need to follow your consciences on this subject." 82% of adult Catholic polled do not consider using contraception a sin. 

Serving Two Masters: When our culture is warning of a population crisis and having children is irresponsible, which worldview has won the hearts of Catholics?

[Side note on unity:]

Americans hail Luther and Calvin as the great heroes in the struggle against the totalitarian and monstrous Catholic Church for persecuting heretics in order to maintain an unified Body of Christ. And yet those same people will erect a "temple" in DC housing a monumental statue of President Lincoln hailing him a great hero for keeping the Union together at the cost of 650,000 American young mens' lives.  For Americans sacrificing lives for unity is good in politics, just not in Christianity. 

Freedom of Speech/Expression

American values: God gives each human the right to freedom of speech and self expression no matter who it offends nor how intrinsically it is offensive. Therefore it is a noble, in fact, a great martyrdom to give one's life for the God-given right of some artist to display a crucifix in a jar of urine or a painting of the Madonna with dung flung upon her face.

Catholic values: God hates evil and the ugly that stems from evil. There is an intrinsic value to truth, beauty and goodness: these must be protected. The  false, debased and wicked must be spoken against. (Phil. 4:8; Gal. 5: 22; Eph. 5:9; Rom. 1:18-31)

Example: Can a faithful Catholic defend the pornographer's right to self-expression? Should a Catholic soldier die to protect the right of another American to put on a play portraying Christ as a homosexual?

Serving Two Masters: When we look around at what is considered free speech and art, is the Christian's voice being heard in protest against this? What value has won the Catholic heart?

Freedom of Conscience:

American Protestant values: Conscience is the highest spiritual court in the universe. Each person can trust their hearts and personal faith to know what truth is.

Catholic values: God leads the Body of Christ as a group into all truth. Individuals should not insist on private interpretation of scripture where it disagrees with what Christianity has always taught. (2 Peter 1: 20; Matt. 18:17-20; Gen. 2:18)

Example: Do Christians stand against the murder of the unborn? Or do they believe each person had a right to decide based on their personal conscience? What about euthanasia?

Serving Two Masters: Which of these attitudes has won out in America?

The Pursuit of Happiness

American values: Humans have the God-given right to pursue happiness. 

Catholic values: Humans have the God-given responsibility to pursue holiness. (2 Cor. 1: 12, 7:1; Eph. 4: 24; I Thess.. 3:13; I Peter 1:15-16, 2:9; II Peter 3:11) 

Example: In a culture that says dump relationships that are toxic and hard; do what makes the person happy, how difficult is it for Catholics to teach their children to stick with relationships even

when they are tough. Catholics believe the goal is to pursue the sacrifice of sainthood which cries out to God, "not my will, but thine."

Serving Two Masters: Do Catholics in America seem to follow the worldview of sacrifice or the pursuit of happiness? Which value has won their hearts?

Money = American Success 

American values: America is the New Jerusalem of economic opportunity.  The American Dream is financial success through capitalistic investments. 

Catholic values: You cannot serve both God and money. In the words of Catholic historian, Lord Action,"There is not a more perilous or immoral habit of mind than the sanctifying of success." (Matt. 10:9, 19:23-24; Luke 1: 15, 12:33; I Tim. 3: 3, 6:10; II Tim. 3:2. 6:9, Jam. 1:11, 5:1; Rev. 3:17)

Example: Often American prayers are pleading for more financial resources to solve a problem they or someone they love is having. While believers look to God for eternal salvation, many look to money for help right now. It is difficult if not impossible to live in a capitalist system where one gives one's entire life towards accumulating money and at the same time live with a spiritual truth that money is the root of all evil. 

Serving Two Masters: Do Catholics measure success by how much money they have? Which value has won out?

American Values 101: Patriotism = Godliness

Our national story has been retold countless times to our children. For centuries, godly pilgrims fled to the hallowed shores of the new world to establish a nation unlike all nations before it. This would be a Promised Land for all seeking to shed the shackles of tyranny. Here, brave men and women have boldly grasped the greatest of all values: liberty. Each soul has the right to follow their individual conscience to pray as they think best, read the Bible and interpret it for themselves, worship and live as they desire.

US citizens continued to be taught that the greatest value worth living for and dying for is freedom. "As He died to make men holy, Let us die to make man free…. Glory, glory Hallelujah."** 

But, eventually when Catholics fled Protestant or atheistic nations and came to America in large numbers, they found in the assimilation a deep tension between American liberalism and Catholicism. And generation by generation the indoctrination of freedom from authority has taken its toll.

So I have laid out the problem. But from where does the tension between these two world views stem?

Enlightenment Philosophy

Protestant America is very quick to criticize Catholics on their pagan origins for many of their doctrines and rituals, but there is nothing more pagan the origins of American philosophy. 

America's Founding Fathers integrated the most anti-christ, pagan-inspired philosophies known to man into their own versions of Christianity. The foundations of the Constitution ingested the brilliant but atheistic ideals of the German and French philosophers in its desires to make a Christian Utopia, a city on a hill, a bastion of tolerance for all mankind, the American New Jerusalem. The Founding Fathers thought they could make a world better than Catholic Europe had or Anglican England. So they rejected Christian history and started over, doing things their own way—the enlightened way. And it looked as if it would work, for a while. 

The Enlightenment-based France gifted to us the ancient Roman goddess of freedom, Libertas, to guide the immigrants to the land of the free, home of the brave. Inspiration from this Statue of Liberty has American's creating idols out of the free-thinkers, the rebels, the activists and at times, even the anarchists. Every form of wickedness and societal destruction is introduced into society under the banner of civil liberties from divorce to euthanasia.

An example of how this tension between the Enlightenment philosophy and Catholicism played out is in the life of Lord Acton.

Lord Action

19th-century Catholic and British historian Lord Action had a fascination with the American government's emphasis on individual liberties. He believed centralized governments by nature always became tyrannical.

Because of his great fear of the corruption of power, Lord Action went to Rome to oppose the idea of papal infallibility at the First Vatican Council in 1870. It was about papal infallibility that he wrote the famous words, "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men…" But Lord Action soon came to realize that his liberal values about government could not survive against his faith. It was causing a tearing of his loyalties to his culture and his God. His life ended with a break with liberalism and in loyalty to Catholicism writing that he considered his "communion with Rome as dearer than life."

How many American politicians can we say ended up like Lord Action, choosing Catholic values over American values? The Kennedy's, Rudy Giuliani, Nancy Pelosi, John Kerry, Kathleen Sebelius, John Boehner? 


Catholicism has flourished under the most extreme political climates—from dictatorships to communism. Catholicism has changed the globe because we have been at enmity with evil cultural values—not assimilated into them.

America is a different problem, because it claims its foundations and culture are Christian, called and blessed by God. And indeed the vast majority of her populous claims to be Christian. That is where the great confusion and chaos begins. 

When liberty and the pursuit of happiness are enshrined within the spirit of a nation, when it is preached as Providence's raison d'ĂȘtre for creating humans, indeed, when liberty is taught as the very point of the Cross, any group that teaches submission to God's authority will be seen as the enemy of the gospel and the antichrist. The USA has turned what is wrong to what is right and what is right to what is wrong. It's values fight Christians values wearing a Christian mask. 

America's god has pitted itself against the Catholic God by ingraining into their citizenry from the moment they are born that patriotism is godliness. Anyone who fights against individualism is fighting against Christ. 

So until the Catholic hierarchy understand and clearly differentiates between the Catholic worldview and the American worldview, Catholics will be submerged in a system that will win. And Catholic children will raise their hands to their hearts and pledge alliance to America never understanding they are being ingrained with an enlightenment philosophy that will teach them to hate or at least ignore their faith. 

One cannot serve two masters—both God's values and American values. Often Americans assume they are the same values, but they are not as we have shown. The Christian will grow to love one philosophy and grow to hate the other.

* This is about United States Catholics, but I am aware that these same arguments could be used for most of western civilization. 

**The original words to the last verse of the Battle Hymn of the Republic were later changed by choirs to "let us live to make men free."